Smoking is a really dangerous addiction, yet people can not give it up easily. Find out why smoking is so addictive, what are the issues that result from smoking, what are the treatment methods for this, what the benefits of quitting are and a great deal more about smoking.
Why is Smoking So Addictive?
Smoking rushes nicotine to the brain and this is the fastest method of delivery; smoking also gives smokers precise control over their nicotine intake. Therefore, both ‘control and speed’ greatly improve the addictive effect of nicotine on the brain. Smoking really introduces nicotine to the pulmonary beds of their lungs from where nicotine is directly transported to the brain in seconds.
Nicotine mimics the neurotransmitter acetylcholine; it binds to and activates the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Once nicotine reaches the brain, it quickly spreads into the activated brain areas such as benefit, memory and learning facilities. These firing receptors trigger the release of dopamine, a neurotransmitter that’s associated with pleasure and addiction. So, so as to keep these serotonin levels, a person needs to smoke frequently. Smoking might actually maintain dopamine levels by reducing enzymes that break it down or by raising the amount of molecules which inhibit dopamine clean up.
Simultaneously, nicotine also influences other regions of the brain that control mood, energy levels and memory as well as cause long-lasting neurological alterations. As a result, the brain gets used to a constant dose of nicotine and therefore when you quit smoking, you experience withdrawal symptoms. This also makes it a difficult habit to kick.
What’s Passive Smoking and What Are the Risks?
Passive smoking can be defined as involuntary inhalation of secondhand tobacco smoke. This secondhand tobacco smoke is a mixture of smoke exhaled by active smokers in addition to smoke released from smoldering tobacco, diluted with ambient air. Passive smoking generally occurs in closed environments, but open environments are equally prone. Passive smokers are also exposed to carcinogens and toxic components within secondhand tobacco smoke.
Passive smoking can have serious impacts on a person’s health. The health effects of passive smoking are as debilitating and serious as smoking itself. The risks outlined below have been linked with passive smoking.
Cancer – About 3,000 cancer-related non smoker deaths are directly attributed to passive smoking each year.
Heart Diseases – Around 50,000 non smoker deaths suffer from heart related problems and can be linked to passive smoking.
Respiratory Diseases and Problems – Second hand smoke causes higher rates of lower respiratory infections, including pneumonia and bronchitis. It is also a contributory factor for upper respiratory irritation and infections as well as decreased lung function.
Low Birth Weight – Second hand smoke is responsible for 10,000 low birth weight births per year and is a major factor for many infant deaths.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome – Passive smoking is connected to almost 2,000 cases of SIDS annually.
Still births – Passive smoking is also accountable for an increased risk of still births and spontaneous abortions.
What Problems Can Occur From Smoking?
Smoking is harmful and the dangers of smoking are serious. Tobacco smoke contains 43 cancer-causing (carcinogenic) compounds besides 400 other toxins which have nicotine and tar. Additionally, smoking causes lung and throat cancer, heart disease, emphysema, in addition to bronchial and lung ailments.
Non smokers are also at risk of developing smoking related illnesses through passive smoking. A pregnant woman who smokes increases the chances of her baby dying from SIDS, being underweight and with behavioral issues. The world’s leading cause of death and disability, smoking-related illnesses cause 30 million deaths per year.
Giving up smoking is the most difficult thing.
Must have the desire to give up smoking and create a strong will to Prevent a smoking relapse
Must learn about the effects of smoking, understand its consequences and face the fact that you need to stop smoking and follow, finish and maintain a quit smoking plan
As soon as you’ve made your mind up to give up smoking, half the battle is won; since most smokers do not think about quitting. Smokers often attempt to quit more than once before they really succeed. But continuing to attempt also needs grit and perseverance; it also shows how committed you are to the cause.
Once you’ve learned about the hazards of smoking, then you will definitely feel more committed to stop. Learning about the health implications is enough to shock most people into quitting fast.
You must prepare to quit smoking. You must distance yourself from friends, places or situations that compel you to smoke. Be surrounded by people who can help you with your own initiative.
If you can’t quit cold turkey, do not hesitate to use stop smoking aids like drugs, Bee Extermination, and NRTs. Most individuals have the ability to quit and stay quit with external assistance.
If you want to quit smoking and stay a quitter, you have to steer clear of temptation and persistent smoking cravings. ‘Slipping up’ will only lead to a relapse so keep yourself motivated to remain smoke free.
What Treatment Options are Available to Help Stop Smoking?
Some people have a strong determination to stop smoking via the cold turkey method; this is achieved by sheer will power alone. But most smoker’s find it difficult to stop in this way and therefore require treatment to help them stop smoking. Some women and men may become non-smokers through counselling alone but their numbers could be counted on the palms. Counseling helps strengthen a person’s motivation to stop and retains him/her motivated until he/she is able to quit successfully.
Many smokers take advantage of nicotine replacement therapy (NRTs) to help them quit smoking. This treatment works to relieve a person from nicotine withdrawal symptoms by providing nicotine externally. At the same time these individuals are well protected from other harmful toxins found in cigarette smoke. However, since NRTs provide nicotine, there is always a chance that person could become re-addicted to smoking.
Currently, nicotine-free medication for smoking cessation such as Zyban (bupropion) and Chantix Varenicline (known as Champix in Europe) are the most innovative and the most preferred methods of quitting smoking. These treatment medications are approved by the FDA as effective smoking cessation drugs. But, Chantix is favored over Zyban as it not only provides relief from nicotine withdrawal symptoms but also reduces the pleasure derived from smoking.
Success rates are much higher with Chantix smoking cessation drug as compared to that of Zyban smoking cessation pill; however, both the medications have their share of side effects. While Chantix causes nausea, constipation, flatulence, insomnia, change in taste, increase in appetite, fatigue, dry mouth and bloated feeling, Zyban causes dry mouth, sleeplessness, changes in appetite, agitation, headaches, jitters, skin rash and seizures.
What are the Advantages of Quitting?
Benefits of smoking cessation treatments are manifold. You will begin to notice remarkable changes in the body. Your sense of smell and taste improve, you breathe easier and your smoker’s hack begins to disappear; the extended range after-effects of quitting really signal the start of a healthier life. Most of all, you improve your odds for a longer life because now you’ve got a reduced risk from cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and several sorts of cancers. You can quit smoking and avail benefits such as:
Living longer and enjoying an improved quality of life
Regaining the love and respect of your loved ones
Saving time spent on smoking for additional effective uses
Living healthier through avoidance of smoking related diseases
Smelling better, having clean unstained teeth
Relishing the taste of food
Having a healthy skin
Appreciating a better sexual life; smoking cessation is known to improve fertility and reduce your risk of developing erectile dysfunction
Giving birth to healthy children
Being financially better off